Introduction to irritable bowel syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome, a functional gastrointestinal disease has been studied by medical specialists since the end of XIX century. The first descriptions of irritable bowel syndrome in the context of “mucosic enteritis” were given by J. Da Costa in 1871. The term “irritable bowel syndrome” was offered by H. Bockus in 1929 and became popular among gastrointestinal medical specialists. Also such synonyms as spasmodic colon, irritable colon, spastic colitis, colon neurosis, colon dyskinesia, mucus colitis, functional diarrhea, nervous stomach, functional enterocolonopathy and nervous diarrhea are used.

Irritable bowel syndromeIrritable bowel syndrome belongs to the most widespread psychosomatic disorders. According to epidemiological researches, approximately one fifth of the whole population suffers from this disorder in various periouds of life and 8-19% of the whole population reveal its symptoms to this or that extent. However, not in all cases symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome are serious enough to resort to medical aid. Only 5 % of all people with infringements of colon functioning suffer from clinically completed forms of irritable bowel syndrome.

Irritable bowel syndrome is the most common form of pathology in gastrointestine medical practice – it makes up 11 % of all gastrointestine diagnoses. Moreover, 50 % of patients that apply for a gastroenterologist have symptoms of the disorder.

In most cases irritable bowel syndrome develops at late teenage and early adult age. People that are more than 60 fall victim to it quite rarely. As a matter of fact, women suffer from it as twice as often than man. Generally, irritable bowel disorder manifests itself with monosymptoms, most typical of which are abdominal pain and feeling of overflow, epigastria, nausea, borborygmus, loss of appetite and abnormal stool pattern.

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